Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Pulling it all Together Copy

The PAR model comprises three stages:

1) Present new material;
2) Apply this new learning;
3) Review the knowledge learned during this lesson
In the first stage, the student is presented with new knowledge, concepts, skills, theories, and explanations by the trainer. Explanations are given by the trainer, or better, constructed by the student, to link new course material to their prior learning and experience. Teaching approaches include ‘instructor talk’, ‘Q&A’, and applying media, such as video demonstrations, visual aids, or written materials.
In 2018 I wrote my MSc thesis on the Cultural Impact of Implementing BIM in the UK Construction Industry.

I concentrated on the Main Internal and external barriers to implementing BIM:

• BIM Adoption Barriers
• Organisational culture
• Managing Change
• Digital Empowerment (Digital Transformation)
In the second stage, Apply, students carry out an activity that requires them to use new concepts introduced by the trainer. Learning may be through approaches such as Q&A exercises and worked examples or an evaluation of a case study.

The students reflect on the gaps in their understanding, then take actions to improve their knowledge. This process is facilitated by self-assessment, peer explanation, acting on feedback from the trainer, and comparing their own work with others.
In the third stage, Review, the key learning points are highlighted and reviewed through dialogue that supports linking new concepts with existing knowledge.

The model can be made more fluid by the trainer, for example, having more than one ‘present’ and ‘apply’ phases in a lesson. While it is necessary to have the three phases included in the PAR process, the order is not vital.