Lesson 1, Topic 1
In Progress

Applying the PAS

These needs are then translated into a rigid set of rules and agreed by the delivery teams in the initial stages of a project.

The client’s needs are specified in a document called Exchange Information Requirements.

The response to these needs, which effectively agrees on what teams are going to deliver, is called the BIM Execution Plan.
PAS 1192-6 says that if we want to use BIM for managing health and safety information, we need to request that in a section of the EIR.

The delivery teams will need to define the various aspects of how they are going to deliver this information in their BEP.
But so far we have only used vague terms to speak about the people who need to participate in the process for managing health and safety information with BIM defined in PAS 1192-6.

Maybe now is a good time to define them better.

In the UK the whole of the construction industry is obliged to manage and protect people who are affected by construction activities.

This means that clients, designers and contractors are obliged to apply the principles of prevention and take steps to mitigate health and safety risks.

PAS 1192-6 nominates 5 participants who particularly need to contribute towards the development of health and safety information: the client, the designer, the contractor, the commissioner and the end user.

The client is the person or organisation who is commissioning the building

The designer is the person or organisation who prepare or modify a design for the built asset

The contractor is the person or organisation who carries out, manages or controls construction work

The commissioner is the person or organisation who test the built solution to ensure that the completed asset functions as the design solution intended

The end-user is the person who uses the building for living, or for work, for example, but also the people who operate, maintain and clean it.
So these are the people or teams who need to contribute towards the development of health and safety information. 

PAS 1192-6 says that all of them will generate, use and share health & safety information and that this information should be centralised in a Common Data Environment, the CDE as you can see in the figure.
But this raises a question – who will be responsible for structuring this information and who is going to manage the CDE?
PAS 1192-6 specifies that each team should create a structured approach for recording and managing health and safety information.

This is usually done by a specialist within the company or consultants like BIM Academy.

This system should allow for the right people to access the right health and safety information at the right time.
The information manager will take many aspects into consideration when establishing a process for creating, storing and sharing information.

They will, for instance, check whether any of this information is sensitive and create access barriers if any of this information needs to be protected.
They will also create conventions for how this information should be named and shared in the project CDE.

For example, where health and safety information will be stored, which file formats will be used, which metadata will be attached to it so that it can be later found.
On top of that, the information manager can define which attributes will be used in the model to capture and store health and safety information.

These attributes can enable, for example, for the model to be used to automatically find the areas with the highest health and safety risk in the model, or for the creation of risk zones in the building.